Category Archives: Article

Attending a political discussion on Iran and U.S. Policy

Attending a political discussion on Iran and U.S. Policy
Honorable Tom Ridge; The First U.S. Homeland Security Secretary, former Pennsylvania Governor, and Homeland Security Advisor to President George W. Bush.

And

Colonel Wesley Martin (ret.), Former Senior Antiterrorism, Force Protection Officer,. Coalition Forces – Iraq, Operations Chief, Task Force 134
، ديدارى با وزير سابق امنيت ملى امريكا ، آقاى تام ريج
ديداريك له گه ل وزيرى پيشوى ئاسايشى نيشتمانى ولاته يه كگرتوه كانى ئه مريكا
اين نشست با همت آقاى رى سابو برگزار شده بود

— with Tom Ridge in Irvine, California.

'‎Honorable Tom Ridge; The First U.S. Homeland Security Secretary, ديدارى با وزير سابق امنيت ملى امريكا ، آقاى تام ريج ديداريك له گه ل وزيرى پيشوى ئاسايشى نيشتمانى ولاته يه كگرتوه كانى ئه مريكا‎'
Azad Moradian's photo.

'‎Honorable  Tom Ridge; The  First U.S. Homeland Security Secretary, ديدارى با وزير سابق امنيت ملى امريكا ، آقاى تام ريج ديداريك له گه ل وزيرى پيشوى ئاسايشى نيشتمانى ولاته يه كگرتوه كانى ئه مريكا‎''‎Colonel Wesley Martin (ret.), Former Senior Antiterrorism, Force Protection Officer,. Coalition Forces – Iraq, ديداريك له گه ل ژينرال وه سلى مارتين؛ ئه فسه رى پايه به رزى به رگه رى نه ته وه ية و ده ژه تيرور‎'

Advertisements

A letter to Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, U.N Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran, by two Kurdish Human Rights organizations in the United States

  A letter to Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, U.N Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran, by two Kurdish Human Rights organizations in the United States

 Ahmed Shaheed, Azad Moradian, Amir Sharifi

  July 21, 2013

Your Excellency Dr. Ahmed Shaheed,

U.N Special rapporteur for Iran to the Human Rights Council

Dear Dr. Shaheed:

Let us commend you for your latest comprehensive report on Human rights violations in Iran and your advocacy for open conversations about human rights. We share your concerns and hopes for changes in the status quo.

As you continue to work on the continuing violations of human rights in Iran, we are sure you are aware that the condition of ethnic minority groups, Kurds, in particular, is deteriorating. Violations of human rights continue as the increasing militarization of Kurdish cities and towns contributes to even more pervasive human rights abuses in violation of Article 27 of the Declaration of the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities .

These abuses as your latest report on the situation of human rights in Iran had documented, include arbitrary arrests, unfair trials, torture, and summary executions, and public hanging .

In 2012, 160 journalists, bloggers, human right and cultural activists, members of religious minorities were arrested, many of whom still await trial. Kurds are also disproportionately represented in the officially documented list of impending executions. As listed in the attached document, out of 83 prisoners condemned to death, 54 (65%) are Kurdish.

From 2009, 13 Kurdish prisoners have lost their lives in prison as a result of torture and abusive treatment. Many Kurdish prisoners of conscience remain in prison without any legal resources and recourse. Several prisoners deprived of medical care have died in custody. Kurds as a distinct ethnic minority continue to suffer from institutionalized social, religious, and cultural discrimination. They experience internal displacement, expulsions, linguistic discrimination, suppression of publications, imprisonment of journalists and imposition of heavy bails on detainees. Psychological torture and intimidation through public ridicule and humiliation is becoming the hallmark of the Islamic Republic of Iran as it was the case with dressing up a convict as a Kurdish woman, the stigmatization of Yarsan and draconian restrictions against their religious practices are the latest examples of the Islamic Republic’s flagrant violations of Kurdish human rights.

Kurdish political and human rights organizations and activists are treated and punished even more harshly. Even lawyers of Kurdish prisoners are not immune from persecution and imprisonment. Every year hundreds of the so-called Kurdish “border crosser” and couriers, many of whom young children are mercilessly killed by the Iranian patrolmen on the borders of Iran, Turkey and Iraq.

From 2010 to 2012, 320 couriers were slain and many more injured (Please see the attachment). The plight of these couriers despite documented massacres and injuries is largely ignored and rarely reported and investigated by the international community. We are working on documenting the recurring violations of human rights to report to your office for consideration and review to be included in your next report.

We are grateful that your office has begun to address some of our concerns;

we have indeed seen some positive signs by the UN to address more specifically the situation of Kurdish human rights in Iran as defined in the Declaration of the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities. We welcome this increased attention; nevertheless, these steps are inadequate and fall short of expectations as stipulated in Article 27 of the aforementioned treaty.

Kurds have no other hope and aspiration beyond these international treaties to protect them against discriminatory practices and ensure that they enjoy their fundamental freedoms and cultural and linguistic rights. In this context the United Nations has a key role to play both in the protection and promotion of the Kurdish ethnic, political, cultural and linguistic rights.

It is our hope that you continue to pay particular attention to the situation of the Kurdish human rights in the context of Kurds as a distinct ethnic and linguistic group. It is imperative that the UN visit Kurdish areas to gain a better insight into the actual condition of human rights in Kurdish areas in Iran. You would be happy to lend you our support in your difficult and yet very important mission.

Cordially,

Dr. Amir Sharifi

  Director of Kurdish Human Rights Advocacy Group

Dr.  Azad MoradianChair of Kurdish American Committee for Human Rights and Democracy in Iran (KACDHI)

KNC-NA 24th Annual Conference was held on May 12-13, 2012 in Washington DC

knc_logo.jpg
KNC-NA 24th Annual Conference was held on May 12-13, 2012 in Washington DC
May 15, 2012
“The 24th KNC-NA annual conference was held in Washington DC on May 12-13, 2012. The program started with a minute of silence, followed by singing Ay Raqib by the participants, and the introduction by Mrs. Muazaz Aziz, the MC of the program.
30 guest speakers, panelists, and moderators presented in the conference. The panels which were moderated by the KNC-NA’s board of directors included: Diaspora, Human Rights, Unity, Reconciliation and Independence.”
kncna_24tha_01.jpg

  Speakers and their talk:

  • kncna_24tha_02.jpg“Mrs. Muazaz Aziz, was born in Hawlair. She completed law school at the University of Baghdad practiced as a lawyer until she immigrated to Canada. Meanwhile she lived in Switzerland for 8 years. She has been actively involved in the community, through as an accredited court interpreter, as a settlement counselor, and later as a public appointee at the Health Professionals and Appeal Board in Toronto. She also graduated from the Humber College in 2007 as a Certified Canadian Immigration Consultant and started her private practice. She has been an active member of KNC- NA, the Kurdish House, and the Canadian for Genocide Education and organized fundraising events for the victims of Halabja and for the Iraqi children.”

 kncna_24tha_03.jpg

“Dr. Ebdul Hakim Bashar, is from Qamishlo Kurdistan of Syria. He specializes in Pediatric medicine.  He is the leader of Kurdish Democratic Party- Syria (KDPS), and the head of Kurdish National Council and a member of its committee for foreigner relations. His talk: an update on Kurdistan of Syria.

  • kncna_24tha_04.jpgMr. Arash Saleh was born in Paveh and raised in Kermashan. He graduated from college of law in Sanandaj. He was a co-founder and active member of Kurdish Student Movement in Iran, the only Kurdish student organization in Iran from 2004 to 2009. He used to work as a journalist in Kurdistan as the correspondent of Payam-e-Mardom and Didgah, two independent Kurdish weekly papers. Arash is currently a graduate student in political science at the New York State University. The topic of his presentation was “The Rise and Decline of Civil Society in Kurdistan of Iran”. It considers the previous trend of new movements in Kurdistan including their demands and structures.
  • kncna_24tha_05.jpgMr. Alan Attoof was born in Slemani and obtained a BA in English from the University of Slemani. He has worked for international NGO’s such as the Mines Advisory Group and Help Age International, provided support to vulnerable communities and victims of the Anfal genocide. He has reported for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR) on various political and security issues, and trained junior journalists. He also has worked as the Media and Cultural Specialist with the U.S. Consulate General’s Public Diplomacy Section in Erbil. Currently, Alan is the Director of Public Affairs at the Kurdistan Regional Government’s Representation in the United States. He talked about the KRG-US Relations.
  • kncna_24tha_10.jpgMr. Issa Mosa was born in Zakho, obtained a diploma in teaching education in Duhok. He studied law at Musol University but had to move Canada in 1993. He has worked as commissioner for Oath, as a Notary Public in, and as a team leader at the Center for Newcomers in Alberta. He volunteered at a UN refugee camp and Red Cross in Calgary. He is the vice chairman of Kurdish Community in Calgary, attended various conferences about Kurdistan and participated in a Research Analysis on the Kurds by 2000 planet in Calgary. He has been a board member of KNC-NA since 2008 and its Vice President since 2010.
  • kncna_24tha_06.jpgMr. Ari Besefki Was born in Dohuk, Kurdistan. At age 13 he had to leave his homeland, went to the mountains, migrated to Turkey, and ended up in a refugee camp for 4 years. Later he migrated to US, settled in Richardson, TX, and attended high school, college, and graduate school there. He obtained a master’s degree in business administration. His leadership positions had included Equity Trader, Managing Director, and volunteering treasurer at DFW International Community Alliance and North Texas Council for International Visitors. Currently he is the Principal at Opportune Capital Partners. He speaks Kurdish, English, Arabic, Turkish, and Spanish. He talked about Promoting and Improving Kurdistan-U.S. Economical Ties.
  • kncna_24tha_07.jpgDr. Azad Moradian was born in Eastern Kurdistan to a politically active family. At a young age he took part in the student movements of the 1978 Iran, and has continued his activism since. He was a prisoner of conscious in Iran and had to seek political asylum in Europe. In 2001 he immigrated to the US. Mr. Moradian specializes in Kurdish and Iranian politics, works with several NGOs, and has founded VOKRadio. His articles in English, Farsi, and Kurdish are regularly published in several media outlets and magazines.
Dr. Moradian  is a regular political commentator on radio broadcasts. He is a former member of the board of directors of KNC-NA. He received his degree in Clinical Psychology in Iran and obtained his MFT at the Chicago School of Professional Psychology. He is currently working as a behavioral consultant in California. The title of his talk was about “The Kurds in the United States; the Challenge of Reconciling Hyphenated Identities”.
  • kncna_24tha_08.jpgMr. Samuel Jordan is a veteran human rights defender with a special emphasis on matters of enfranchisement for national minorities.  As an advocate for full political equality and Chairman of the DC Statehood Party, Jordan traveled throughout the United States and abroad urging support for US compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.  In 1997, Jordan was appointed Director of the Program to Abolish the Death Penalty for Amnesty International USA, where he campaigned to end capital punishment worldwide.  An attorney, Jordan is currently involved in the international effort to eliminate the negative impacts of globalization on civil liberties. He talked about “US Kurdish Solidarity Initiative”.
  • kncna_24tha_09.jpgDr. Pary Karadaghi completed her MD degree at Bucharest School of Medicine in Romania and her Post Doctorate studies in France and Georgetown University. She is Executive Director of KHRW and supports refugees’ and women’s equality and building self-sufficient communities. She oversees human rights training, IDP assistance, housing construction, and women-led Non-Governmental Organizations and Civil Society Organizations’ capacity-building in Iraq. She gives presentations on Kurdish and Iraqi peoples’ plight on televisions shows, including CNN and Nightline. Awards she received include the Human Rights Award, KRG; three Leadership Award in NGO Humanitarian Work in Iraq, Nomination for the UN Human Rights Award; and Top Ten Nationwide Most Resourceful Women Distinction Award, USA. She talked about “Kurdish Diaspora and Lobbying Efforts”.
  • kncna_24tha_11.jpgDr. Ihsan Efrini was born in Efrin. He moved to Hungary and completed a degree in dentistry there. He practiced as a dentist for 4 years in Ukraine. He then went to Syria and attempted to practice his profession but was prohibited due to political issues. He was then forced to leave Syria in search of a safer life in Canada. He is an active member of the Canadian liberal party, as well as a representative for a Syrian Kurdish political assembly in North America. He is also a member of the board of directors of KNC-NA, He is an entrepreneur and lives with his wife and three children in Canada.
  • kncna_24tha_12.jpgMr. Shamal Bishir was born in Mahabad, Eastern Kurdistan in 1980s. At age16 he migrated to Sweden, where he studied sociology. He is a political activist and gives talks about the role of PJAK in Kurdistan and Iran. Mr. Shamal talked about Kurdistan in the New World System for the Middle East and Iran.
  • kncna_24tha_13.jpgMr. Jake Hess is a freelance writer based in Washington, DC.  His work has been published by the London Independent, Middle East Report, Inter Press Service, and other outlets.  He spent a year and a half in North Kurdistan, where he lived in Amed and Sirnak and worked as a journalist, translator, and teacher. He talked about “North Kurdistan: Human Rights and Recent Developments.”
  • kncna_24tha_14.jpgDr. Arash Alaei is from Kermashan and studied Medicine at Isfahan University,. As an  expert in International Health and HIV/AIDS he directed the International Education and Research Cooperation in Iran. He and his brother were co-founders of the first “Triangular Clinic” documented by WHO/EMR as the region’s “Best practice model”, which was awarded $16 million by the Global Fund. They extended their work to Afghanistan and Tajikistan, received Ford Foundation AIDS fellowship, a distinguished award from the New York Academy of Science, a Jonathan Mann Award, and the first leadership award in Health and Human Rights by PAHO/WHO. As a humanist and former prisoner of conscious, he talked about “The Price of Promoting Health and Human Rights in Kermashan, Iran”.
  • kncna_24tha_15.jpgMr. Sartip Kakaee was born in Kerkuk. He immigrated to Canada in 2002, has worked as engineer, as Project Manager, and as Executive Board member and the Treasurer of the Greater Toronto Kurdish House. He was a co-founder of Canada Kurdistan Business Council in 2007 which promote a Business relationship between Canada and Kurdistan. He arranged an official visit for a first Canadian MP to Kurdistan in August 2009 which fruited out of passing a motion at the Canadian House of Commons to recognize the Chemical attack by Saddam’s regime as crimes against humanity. He now is the Chairman of Kurdish House in Toronto and a Board Member of KNC-NA.
  • kncna_24tha_16.jpgMs. Golaleh Sharafkandi was born in Mahabad, and came to Sweden in 2001. She studied Linguistics and English in Iran and International Education in Sweden. Since 2003 she has been formally involved in Politic. She has worked on projects with Kurdish women having different ideological backgrounds. She is a member of Leading Board of Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP-Iran). She works with the abroad committee and international relation office. The topic of her presentation was: “Towards Unity and Obstacles to overcome (with a focus on Eastern part of Kurdistan)”.
  • kncna_24tha_17.jpg
  • Mr. Sinan Önal was born in Malazgirt-Mus of Kurdish region of Turkey in 1978. He graduated from Political Science and Economics BA in stanbul Bilgi University in 2005. He has an MA degree in Urban Policy and Local Governments from Middle East Technical University. He speaks Kurdish, Turkish and English fluently. He has worked as policy consultant to Mr. Ahmet Turk in Democratic Society Congress and to Mr Selahattin Demirtas in Peace and Democracy Party. He become a representative of Peace and Democracy Party in Washington DC in 2012. His speech was about “The Status of Turkey and the Kurds In The Changing Middle East”.
  • kncna_24tha_18.jpg
  • Dr. Kamiran Haj Abdo, is from Efrin Kurdistan of Syria. He is an oncology specialist. He is member of politic bureau of Kurdish Democratic Union Party, and a member of committee of Kurdish National Council for foreigner relations. He talked about “Unity and Political Principles of the Kurdish National Council”.
  • kncna_24tha_19.jpgDr. Asad Khailany, an emeritus professor at Eastern Michigan University, is from Southern Kurdistan. He had numerous publications on Computer Science. He was the President of Kurdistan Student Union, accompanied Late Mustafa Barzani to Baghdad, and established connections with the embassies of US, England, India, and Egypt in Baghdad. He was the first Kurd to address the US Secretary of States on the “US Policy Toward Kurdish Problems” in 1962, to invite Madam Mitterrand to a conference on Kurdistan in the US. He introduced Jalal Talebani, Barham Salih, and Hoshiar Zibari to the state department. He is a co-founder of KNC-NA. Dr. Khailany presented  “The Road to Achieve Kurdish National Right is Through Unity”.
  • kncna_24tha_20.jpgMs. Gissou Nia is the Executive Director of the Iran Human Rights Documentation Center.  She had worked on war crimes and crimes against humanity trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court.  She is a frequent lecturer on human rights developments in Iran and has interviewed 200+ survivors of human rights abuses perpetrated by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and produced comprehensive reports documenting these abuses, with a particular focus on the rights of women and ethnic minorities.  She will speak about IHRDC’s latest report on abuses against Kurdish activists in Iran.  The report is titled: “On the Margins: Arrest, Imprisonment and Execution of Kurdish Activists in Iran Today”.
  • Mr. Luqman Barwari was born in Southern Kurdistan. He has been living in the USA since 1982. He obtained his education in the USA, and worked as an Associate Scientist in a major Biotechnology company in Southern CA. He is advisory member of Kurdish American Youth Group and former vice president of Kurdish American Education Society. He is the author and co-author of several Scientific, and political papers. He has been the chair of Public Relations Committee of KNC-NA since 2008.
  • Dr. Mohammad Sadik is from Hawler, Kurdistan. He has MPhil and PhD in Educational Planning, taught at East London, Salahaddin and Cihan Universities and published 10 research papers on Education. He was the President of Salahaddin University for 6 years. Now he is qualified as a Solicitor in England and Wales and works as the Senior Advisor for Cihan University in Hawler. he worked as the Director of Migrant Training, a cross-London training organization between 1990 to 2003, as Chair of the Kurdish Cultural Centre in London from 1991 to 1992 and as President of the Kurdish Academic Network, UK from 1998 to 2003. He talked about “The Role of Education in Kurdish National Reconciliation”.
  • Mr. Fazil Kurdi is form Hawler, Southern Kurdistan. He has extensive experience working with the United Nations in Iraq, Turkey, Bosnia and Afghanistan. Currently he is the president of IBAV, LLC,  a contractor with US government that ssupports, develops and executes pre- deployment training courses/modules for Implementation of Emergency Relief and Short Term Rehabilitation Response in Support of the Near East Regional Program for USAID, State Dept. and other US government agencies in Iraq and Afghanistan. He has been an activist with Change Movement (Gorran) in the United States since May 2009. He talked about “Kurdistan from Gorran’s Perspective”.
  • Dr. Kirmanj Gundi migrated to US from Kurdistan, obtained a PhD in Educational Administration from Tennessee State University (TSU), where he is a Full Professor now. He has numerous publications on leadership, teaching strategies, educational psychology, etc. Kirmanj has published two books, “Thirty Years of Struggle and Devastated Country” and “Dictation of English Grammar in Kurdish.” His upcoming is about the ancient history of the Kurds’ ancestors, the Medes. He also analyzed Kurdish politics and internal fratricide between political factions, and its dire consequences. He founded Kurdistan Cultural Institute and was the President of the KNC-NA in 2008-2010 and promoted the Halabja’s to go to a Federal Court. He talked about “Kurdish National Reconciliation from a Historical Perspective”.
  • Mr. Nyma Ardalan was born in Sine, Kurdistan and migrated to the US in 1977. He studied Industrial Engineering and holds a MS degree from CSUN. Currently he works as a Network Engineer for BT. He has been an activist for Kurdish and Human rights and worked with various organizations that promote Kurdish cause for many years.  He is a board member of Kurdish Community Center of Southern California. He joined KNC-NA in its beginning years of inception and worked as one of its board of directors for several years. Currently he is the secretary of KNC-NA and a runs as candidate for the next board.
  • Dr. Kajal Rahmani is from Senah, studied at Universities of Jundi Shapur and Oklahoma. As a former professor of anthropology with special interests in Mesopotamia, Kurds, women, and religious minorities, she is considered as a scholar, a thinker, and a visionary.  She has given numerous talks on Kurds and ethnic minorities in the Middle East. Her research project is on Yezidis. Her upcoming book, “That was then and this is now” is the story of a Kurdish woman who has been through Shiite, Sunni, Kurdish and Non- Kurdish entanglements. She is a research fellow with Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University and the director of KJPA. She presented “Obstacles Toward Independence”.
  • Dr. Mohammad Yussif is from Western Kurdistan. He is a Human Rights Activist in London, GB. He talked about “The Syrian Uprising and the Future of the Kurds”.
  • Dr. Faraydon Karim is from Southern Kurdistan. He joined Kurdistan Students Union in the 1960 and exiled to Southern Iraq in 1963. Together with few friends he re-established the dissolved Kurdish Student Union in 1967. He joined the peshmarga in 1972 and migrated to USA 1976. He authored over 100 patents, technical disclosures, and technical papers. He has chaired, and spoken in many scientific conferences around the world.  He participated in most Kurdish activities and joined KNC-NA in the first days of its establishment and once held the position of director in it.  He is currently, the Chief Technical officer of the NBCTR corp, specialized in supercomputing. He talked about:” Independence through Setting Higher Goals”.
  • Mr. Kani Xulam has studied at the University of Toronto, UC Santa Barbara, and obtained his MA from American University in Washington, DC. He has worked closely with members of the U.S. Congress, participated in a 32nd day hunger strike on behalf of imprisoned Kurds, and is in a documentary, “Good Kurds, Bad Kurds: No Friends But the Mountains”. He participated in a 221 days vigil in front of the Turkish Ambassador’s residence. He is the founder and director of AKIN. All his work is geared towards advancing the level of awareness about the Kurds and Kurdistan. He talked about “Is Gandhi Relevant to the Kurds?”
Adapted for VOKRadio from the original Source:
and

Congressman Brad Sherman met A Kurdish- American community leader and voting member of the 27th district

During a town hall meeting: Congressman Brad Sherman met A Kurdish- American community leader and voting member of the 27th district

Sunday August 28, 2011

 vokradio

Los Angeles, California; Mr. M. Azad Moradian, community leader and voting member of the 27th district, met with Congressman Brad Sherman to discuss two pressing issues of concern to the Kurdish-American community.

congressman_brad_sherman_azad_moradian_01.jpg

Congressman Sherman, who is a member of the US House Foreign Affairs Committee, was encouraged, through a formal letter from his Kurdish constituents, to join the Kurdish Congressional Caucus in Washington DC.

Mr. Sherman reported that he recently met with the representatives of the Kurdish Community  in Washington DC and will look into joining the caucus when he returns to Capitol Hill. The Congressman also expressed that he is well aware of the concerns of the Kurds in the Middle East and is glad to see Kurdish- Americans in his district.

The second worry brought to the attention of Congressman Brad Sherman was the recent and continuous military attacks on Northern Iraq by Turkey and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Mr. Sherman expressed his regrets about these attacks, and informed Mr. Moradian that he has been one of the members of the house voting against further foreign aid to Turkey. Mr. Moradian handed a letter to the congressman urging him and his colleagues to put further pressure on Turkey to end their military offensive in the Kurdish region.

congressman_brad_sherman_azad_moradian_02.jpgCongressman received the letter and showed interest in meeting with the Kurdish-American constituents to further discuss these matters.

The Congressman’s advisory staff were also present at this event. They were receptive and expressed sympathetic views towards the Kurdish plight.

A meeting will be scheduled to further develop the relationship between the Kurdish-American communities with Congressman Brad Sherman.

We look forward to the Congressman’s potential membership in the Kurdish Congressional Caucus.

http://www.vokradio.com

Meeting with US Congressman Brad Sherman about Zainab Jallalian and Human Rights in Iran

Meeting with US Congressman Brad Sherman about Zainab Jallalian and Human Rights in Iran

Sunday, July 12, 2010

azad_moradian_brad_sherman_071210.jpg

Azad Moradian , Congress man Brad Sherman

In a continuous effort to raise our outcry against Ms. Zeinab Jalalian’s execution sentence, Mr. Azad Moradian and Cklara Moradian delivered a letter to US Congressman Brad Sherman of San Fernando Valley, California, an influential member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

This letter urged the congressman and other members of the United States government, especially the Obama administration to publicly denounce the execution of Zeinab Jalalian and to recognize the systematic eradication of Kurdish political prisoners in Iran. The letter also urged the International community to investigate the human rights crisis in Iran through an independent body.

Mr. Brad Sherman and his staff, Director of Constituent Services, Ms. Carolina Krawiec, both received a copy of our letter.

Mr. Brad Sherman showed his concern regarding the human rights crisis in Iran and recognized the Kurds as an alley of the United States. He promised a loud voice of condemnation in regards to the case of Ms. Jalalian if Kurdish Americans believe it would beneficial.

The letter was written on behalf of concerned Kurdish-American citizens and was an apolitical request from the administration to respond to a humanitarian crisis in Iran against the Kurdish minority.

We will continue to be in contact with the office of Mr. Congressman Brad Sherman in order to build a better understanding of issues concerning Kurdish-American citizens.

 

 

Share this Artcle
free stats

 

ACTION 5/9/2010 at 5:30pm across from Westwood Federal Building against IRI

ACTION 5/9/2010 at 5:30pm across from Westwood Federal Building against IRI

Attention All,

Last night the Islamic Republic of Iran ruthlessly executed five innocent young activists who were fighting for Freedom, Human Rights, and Equality.

shohada_050910.jpg

This horrific regime continues to murder young Kurdish men and women without being held accountable.

Raising our outraged voices will not bring back to life Farzad Kamangar, Sherin Alamholi, Ali Haidarian, Farhad Vakili, and Mehdi Eslamian or soothe their mourning mothers.

However, it will be a statement of solidarity, a reminder that we will not stand by silent, that the world is watching, and that our fallen heroes will always be remembered.

Please join us today  Sunday May 9,2010, across from the Westwood Federal Building at 5:30pm to demand an end to all atrocities committed against our people.

Azad Moradian

Kurdish American Committee for Human Rights and Democracy in Iran

دوستان عزيز مقيم لوس آنجلس و اورنج كانتي در كاليفرنياي جنوبي اعلام تنفر از جنايات جمهوري اسلامي و در ابراز انزجار از اعدام فرزندان راستين خلق از ساعت ٥:٣٠ بعد از ظهر در محل ساختمان دولت فدرال در شهر وست وود روشن كردن شمع به ياد فرزاد كمانگر، شيرين علم هولي، علي حيدريان، فرهاد وكيلي و مهدي اسلاميان براي اطلاعات بيشتر با تلفن ٨١٨٤٣٤٩٦٩٢تماس بگيريد

 

 

 

free stats

 

 

 

 

Azad Moradian: My Personal Statement

My Personal Statement

The following article is a part of Mr. Azad Moradin’s article ” My personal Statement’, which was published on a few websites such as Wikipedia, Iranian.com, academia, as well as on the old vokradio website in December 2005. azad_moradian_032307.jpg

 

December  10, 2005

by: Azad Moradian

 

 

 
It’s so fascinating to look back and realize how much of my present and future is shaped by my past experiences, and how much of my perception is either expanded or limited by those events. It’s quite interesting to realize how much of my understanding of myself and the world, how much of my goals and ambitions are formed through the bases of my existence; my mother’s womb, my unidentified homeland, my belittled ethnicity, all the places I was raised and taught, and the most gripping moments that have defined who I am today and who I wish to be tomorrow. It is my history and background, my triumphs and tragedies, my accomplishments and losses, and the endless checklist of hopes and dreams that never seem to seize, which has painted the vivid picture that I envision to be my future.

What I have chosen to study and educate myself in, what I have chosen to devote my life to is a direct result of the journey I have paved to be where I am today. Knowing myself as a Kurd, one out of the thirty-five million people who have no place to call home, no rights to speak by their sweet mother’s tongue, no chance to celebrate their rich culture and heritage, has indeed played a big part in how I have lived my life and how I want to continue to live. In many ways, too often I was not given a choice, for one never chooses to come to life and be bashed for being alive, one never chooses to be born and be sentenced to a life full of fear and prosecution. However, today I do have a choice, so I choose to dedicate my life to the development of understanding of the human existence.
Growing up in an extensive family system with multiple siblings and grandparents, speaking one language at home, and being forced to study in another at school, being raised in an era of struggle and war, put down by others for the mere fact that I am a Kurd, becoming intrigued by political movements and revolution, I came to see much of the complexity of the world. Not much fairness is practiced in the chaotic atmosphere of a third world country, especially in the case of people who have no right to be known. In an uneducated system, with little resources for advancement, I was among a growing population of enthusiastic youth, who were fighting for reform and change.

Throughout my childhood a distinct goal became rooted in me that has since only grown. That goal is to help my fellow people and have a positive impact in their lives; to somehow lessen the heavy burden that they must carry. From the early years of my youth I came to realize that there was much need for the care of the human mind, for I saw how fragile the human sanity could be. I witnessed how easily a strong grown man can be emotionally and mentally paralyzed by the loss of a child, and how dysfunctional a bombarded society can become. In a land where the fundamental needs of a human being is not met, where filling an empty stomach is a struggle, not much thought is given to the mental health. Although it was often apparent that the essence of the crippled community was in its inability to cope and overcome grief, not too many allowed to pinpoint the need for psychological assistance. Perhaps the awareness of such a need was one of the major reasons why I chose to study psychology. My own motivation to overcome the continuous traumas and losses of my early adulthood, gave me a better understanding of how I could make a difference in my people’s lives.
I joined the political movement at a very young age and this involvement in politics took me through a series of life altering events and painful experiences. The essence behind the political movement was to fight towards human rights and equality, which fed my desire to help others. The psychological damage that imprisonment, prosecution, torture and the domination of fear had on the development of my family and friends were undeniable. It never escaped me to notice the changes each individual went through within the process of injustice and how much help they needed to be able to stand on their feet once again.

Domestic Violence against Single and Married Women in Iranian Society

Domestic Violence against Single and Married Women in Iranian Society

azad_moradian0807.jpg

Azad Moradian

The Chicago School of Professional Psychology

Los Angeles, California
August 2009
By : Azad Moradian
Editor: Cklara Moradian

Abstract

The following paper, is an overview of the current statistical picture of domestic violence experienced by both single and married women within Iranian society. Although numerous independent studies on domestic violence against women and children have been conducted on small scales in Iran, they have never been widely published or utilized due to political issues.  The discussion in this paper are directly derived from the only widely accredited research carried out on a massive scale, supported and funded by the Iranian government in order to tackle the issue of domestic abuse.

Since the study is currently only available in Farsi, this paper is in part an attempt to domestic_violaence_iran01.jpgmake the information available to a wider audience. Furthermore, it attempts to look for underlying etiology to better understand the crisis women face within the complex geopolitical, economical, religious, ethnic, and social arena, which makes up modern day Iran.
As cited in the 2006 report of the U.N. Secretary General on UNIFEM’s site, “violence against women and girls is a problem of pandemic proportions. At least one out of every three women around the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime  with the abuser usually someone known to her.” Iranian society, held up by its women, is being crippled through their suffering.
Domestic Violence against Single and Married Women in Iranian Society,

An Overview of Current Iranian Research and Possible Underlying Etiology

Definition: The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence begins their fact sheets with the following words: “the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another. It is an epidemic affecting individuals in every community, regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, nationality or educational background.

Violence against women is often accompanied by emotionally abusive and controlling behavior, and thus is part of a systematic pattern of dominance and control. Domestic violence results in physical injury, psychological trauma, and sometimes death. The consequences of domestic violence can cross generations and truly last a lifetime.” Following this statement, the organization provides harrowing statistics about women who suffer from domestic violence nationally and the adverse effect of the children who witness this violence. For the most part, it is safe to argue, that culturally, it is not acceptable to engage in violence towards women openly. Physical assault is punishable by law and also has its social consequences of shaming; although, many liberal and democratic societies still struggle with the double standards and lack of gender equality. Those deeply rooted inequalities can account for the high numbers of domestic abuse within such societies as the United States and even European nations.

domestic_violence02.jpg

Background: In Iranian society domestic violence takes on an entirely different shape. Women are not only subject to harsh treatments by an authoritative state, which rules on every aspects of their public lives, but it also provides the arena and encourages the control of their private lives. The government does so by promoting fundamentalist ideas of women as properties of me. It does so by setting up an unequal legal system and not punishing assault even when it has resulted in severe injury or at times even death. The conversation of domestic violence then cannot be simply domestic but begins to take the shape of a systematic violence, fueled by tradition, ignited by religion, encouraged by the dominant authoritarian state, and empowered by poverty and illiteracy.

The Islamic Republic of Iran has always denied the existence of domestic abuse, violence towards women and children in the family as a sociological issue within Iranian society. Most of the violence in the family is deeply tied to the societal and governmental laws of inequality towards women. Most violence towards women even has governmental sanctions, such as flogging or imprisonment, and even in some cases death for adultery. If the regime accepted domestic abuse as a problem, it had to also address the way it enables, allows, encourages, and ignores, violence towards women.

Human rights organizations, political/humanitarian oppositional groups and advocacy groups for women were the only voices that acknowledged the existence of this widespread phenomenal in Iran and fought for changes in law and education within communities.

Due to the large percentage of women in higher education, and the Universities in Iran, in the past 15 years the numbers of Masters’ and PH.D thesis on women’s issues have been overwhelming. Universities are now even discouraging students from researching on the topic of women’s issues, due to the fact that the findings are not implemented into improvements or societal progress. The papers simply sit in libraries and collect dust, which can be very discouraging.

Up until recently, there was no official statistical data on how many women suffered from domestic violence in Iran and what shape or form it was in. The common law dictated that what happens in the house has to stay in the house. A man’s household affairs very much belongs to him and other’s can not meddle in his private issues, especially regarding how he treats his wife and children. The way to continue keeping his privacy is through the silencing of the voice of dissent: women. This policy very much resembles how the Islamic Republic deals with political unrest in Iran and International outrage. We often hear that the West should not interfere or have an opinion with the way Iran deals with its people.

The Census Bauru in Iran, which is an official government agency has never conducted a study on domestic violence and has not allowed international organizations to do so either; however, in 2004 The Women’s Center for Presidential Advisory, The Interior Ministry, and The Ministry of Higher Education decided to undertake a project in Iran’s 28 provinces, regarding domestic violence in Iran. A 32 volume study was concluded after several years. These volumes include findings regarding violence towards women and children, family issues, divorce, and marriages, remarriages, the statues and effect of education and work on violence in the capital cities of each province. Only the main cities were visited and the research was conducted based on questionnaires.

These 32 volume findings are not widely available for public viewing; however, it is available to scholars and researchers as a reference at the Center for Research in Tehran. The information has also been shared with government agencies and lawmakers in the hopes of changing family laws.

Much discussion and controversy has surrounded the study, including the bias of the researchers themselves in their findings. This massive study was led by Iran’s renowned sociologist Dr. Ghazi Tabatabaei, who is still a professor in Tehran universities. Many other well-known researchers/ scholars, sociologists, psychologists, and professionals in other areas participated and contributed in this study.

domestic_violaence_iran03.jpgA brief summery of some of the findings:

Due to the fact that Iran is a multi ethnic/ multi cultural country and is very diverse, the findings of the study show that the results from each province differ from each other very much. The study clearly shows a correlation between violence against women and living in provinces further away from the capital; which could be explained from many angles including economically, sub-cultures of the region, dominance of religion, and lack of higher education.

The research had 9 main categories and 45 subcategories.

The 9 categories include:

1.     Verbal Abuse

2.     Physical Abuse

3.     Emotional Abuse

4.     Economical Abuse (refusing her right to have a job, restricting her opportunities, taking her income, restricting allowance, etc.)

5.     Legal Abuse (a husband has a legal right in Iran to take his wife’s full rights away, by restricting her from traveling, going out of the house, etc.)

6.     Educational Abuse (restricting the right to go to school)

7.     Neglect (restricting food, not feeding/adequately providing for a family)

8.     Sexual abuse (unwanted sexual activity within a marital relationship, including rape, forced pregnancy, forced abortions, restricting wife’s access to healthcare and birth-control, extra-marital affairs)

9.     Honor killings and Murder

Based on the study 66% married women in Iran are subjected to some kind of domestic violence in the first year of their marriage, either by their husbands or by their in-laws.

All married women who were participants in this study in Iran have experienced 7.4% of the 9 categories of abuse.

5.23% of married women in the study reported having experienced near death violence or feared for their lives due to domestic violence.

8.37% of married women in the study reported having experienced severe physical abuse.

7.27% of married women in the study reported having experienced educational and career restrictions.

2.10% of married women in the study reported having experienced sexual abuse; however, this number could be severely under reported due to the taboo surrounding the topic.

From these 2.10% who reported sexual abuse, 5.2% reported having a miscarriage due to severe beatings by her husband.

52% of married women in the study reported having experienced emotional abuse.

9.63% of women in the study reported wishing their husbands would die, as a result of the abuse they have experienced.

The study shows a direct correlation between women who have a higher education and are career women and experiencing a lower level of domestic violence.

The study also shows that the higher the number of children in a family, the more likely domestic violence will occur towards the woman.

The chief of police in Iran stated that 40% of all murders in Iran happen due to domestic violence and that 50% of all women who are murdered are done so by someone in their immediate family and mostly in the very home of that woman.

More often than not, defenders of men who have killed their wives bring up that the husband was suspicious of adultery. The law is very lenient and is ready to forgive men while punishing women.

The discriminatory laws in Iran may yet claim another victim to be executed by stoning to death for the “crime” of adultery. There are 8 cases in Iran on the brink of death through stoning anytime soon and one such case is that of a woman named Kobra Najjar a victim of domestic violence, for 12 years was beaten repeatedly and forced into prostitution by her husband to support his heroin addiction.
Kobra Najjar found herself in prison when Habib, a “client” of Kobra seeing her sorry plight decided to murder her husband. Habib was sentenced to death by the Tabriz High Court for the murder together with Kobra Najjar as an accomplice.

What makes this case unusual and deranged is that it shows the disparity and unequal treatment of women under a penal system favoring men over women. Serving eight years for the murder and 100 lashes for fornication Habib was released upon paying compensation to the victims’ heirs. In contrast Kobra Najjar who has also served eight years remains in prison her fate uncertain as she faces the prospect of being stoned to death anytime for adultery. Now how sick is that, forced into prostitution but under Iranian’s Discriminatory laws against women she is guilty of adultery even though she was systematically subjected to violence to force her into submission for prostitution.

In Iran’s perverted justice system under Article 83 of the Iranian Penal Code, a married person is committing adultery when they have sexual intercourse with anyone other than their spouse. Adultery is the only crime where women is sentenced to stoning and all sexual intercourse outside of marriage is illegal that can result in flogging, or hanging for the forth offense. Now how perverted is that?

Kobra Najjar under constant beatings was forced into prostitution clearly did not have any choice or say on the matter was definitely a victim. She is seen under the cross eyed Iranian sadistic judge who obviously sees only the sexual intercourse but not the circumstance of one who was victimized. It does not matter whether she was forced through coercion and violence she is an adulterer therefore deserve to die the most painful savage medieval death by stoning.

In Iran a 13 year old girl is old enough to legally marry and considered as an adult at age 8 years and 9 months, old enough to be sentenced to stoning, flogging and hanging for adultery and fornication. Iranian gender biased law favors men where pedophiles are likely to prevail over the girls and women they victimized facing the risk of being convicted should they go to courts.

Women and girls face insurmountable obstacle in getting a divorce, forced to stay even if she was in an abusive marriage and most likely lose custody of her children above age 7 to her husband and the children’s paternal grandfather. In contrast men can marry up to 4 girls and woman and can divorce them at will. The rules of evidence make it extremely difficult for women to prove their case in court should the wife decides to file a case of domestic violence her testimony is only worth half of a man’s testimony. Rape is even more impossible if not incredulous under Iranian rules of evidence; her testimony as if half its worth of a man is not bad enough has to be corroborated by men in order to prove her claims. Under this scenario a rape victim is at the mercy of her rapist and most likely end up getting sentenced for adultery, now that is truly disgusting.

References in Farsi

جانشین معاونت ناجا:آمار قتل‌هاي خانوادگي در ايران روبه‌افزايش است -. (n.d.). In مجله زنان. Retrieved August 01, 2009, from http://www.zanan.co.ir/spip.php?article1021

وضعيت خشونت در خانواده در ايران. (n.d.). In وضعيت خشونت در خانواده در ايران. Retrieved August 1, 2009, from http://www.pezeshk.us/?p=2900

داوری, �., & سلیمی،, �. (1386). جامعه‌شناسی کجروی. تهران: انتشارات حوزه و دانشگاه.

خشونت مرگ‌بار خانوادگی |. (n.d.). In انجمن جامعه‌شناسی ایران. Retrieved August 01, 2009, from http://www.isa.org.ir/node/1709

References in English

Afifi, T. O., Enns, M. W., Cox, B. J., Stein, M. B., Jitender, S., & Asmundson, G. J. (2008). Population attributable fractions of psychiatric disorders and suicide ideation and attempts associated with adverse childhood experiences. Population attributable fractions of psychiatric disorders and suicide ideation and attempts associated with adverse childhood experiences., 98(5), 946-952. Retrieved May 11, 2008, from PsycINFO.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE FACTS. (2007, July). In National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved July 28, 2009, from http://www.ncadv.org

Facts & Figures on Violence Against Women – Say No to Violence against Women. (2007, November). In UNIFEM – United Nations Development Fund for Women. Retrieved July 28, 2009, from http://www.unifem.org/campaigns/vaw/facts_figures.php

Renner, L. M., & Markward, M. J. (2009). Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation Among Women Abused in Intimate. Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation Among Women Abused in Intimate, 79(2), 139-154. Retrieved April, 2009, from [EBSCOHost].

A Safe Place: domestic violence shelter, counseling, and help programs. (n.d.). Retrieved August 01, 2009, from http://www.asafeplaceforhelp.org

World: Violence Against Women — In Iran, Abuse Is Part Of The Culture. (n.d.). In Payvand, Iran News, Directory and Bazar. Retrieved August 01, 2009, from http://www.payvand.com/news/03/nov/1159.html

************************************************************

This site and all content © VOKRadio.com and the respective authors. All Rights Reserved. In other words: articles are posted on VOKRADIO with the kind permission of the authors.

The authors retain all rights to their work and articles found on this site may not be posted elsewhere without the express permission of the author.

***********************************************************

====================

The follwing comments are brought to this page from the  Iranian.com website. To see more comments and idea pleas visit:

http://www.iranian.com/main/blog/azad/domestic-violence-against-single-and-married-women-iranian-society

Recently by Azad Comments Date
I would really like to know why my posts keep getting deleted
3
Nov 13, 2009

 

Sep 15, 2009
The complexities of human sexuality, and Islamic laws and regulations in Iran
3
Sep 12, 2009
javaneh29

Cost of progress

by javaneh29 on Sat Sep 12, 2009 10:11 AM PDT

No one here is defending Islam. How can we. The issue is about domestic violence , unless your reading something Im not and DV is universal. That is all we are saying. And I think we agree that Islam cultivates and even advocates violence to women.

However let me ask you this : imagine if you can, that you are an Iranian woman. Choose your age, where you live, but lets say you are married to a man who beats you. Lets agree that you have 1 or more children.  What would you do ? where would you go ? What protest would you make?  And ask yourself this …. what would be your expectation from having made that protest/ complaint and keep it real. Then tell me that it is still easy for a woman in Iran to stand up to DV.

And btw why is it only a very small number of men in Iran defend womens rights to a life without DV?  What do you do ?

Javaneh

Cost-of-Progress

Ladies You posted, but did not answer my question

by Cost-of-Progress on Fri Sep 11, 2009 11:07 AM PDT

True that violence against women is not unique to Islam or Islamic countries. That is not the point here. The point is:

Where else do we have institutionalized marriage for 9 year old females?

Where else do we punish the rape victim for the crime instead of the rapist?

Where else (other than Utah) is OK to have multiple wives?

You people need to stop defending Islam.

Is it the “72 virgins and the boys without hair” mentioned in koran that tempts you? But, you’re women for crying outloud. Then what is it?? WHAT?

We are the only nation on earth who embrace those who invaded and raped our people and culture. Sickening.

vaghan ke ajab mardomi hastim!!!

Iraneh Azad

Sad

by Iraneh Azad on Fri Sep 11, 2009 04:25 AM PDT

But not surprising considering who is ruling our country today . I’m sure that some people will try to justify this behavior by Iranian men and say that this is part of our “culture”.

MiNeum71

Dear Azad,

by MiNeum71 on Fri Sep 11, 2009 03:57 AM PDT

This is a very sad truth. I’ve written many, many times in this place stating UN-data, that the Iranian society (in and out of Iran) doesn’t respect women’s rights. This shows how uncivilized the Iranian society is.

capt_ayhab

Pandemic !!!!

by capt_ayhab on Thu Sep 10, 2009 01:36 PM PDT

Violence and rape against women has nothing to do with religion nor nationality.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/dvp/ipv_factsheet.pdf

http://www.now.org/issues/violence/stats.html#endr…

According to National Organization for Women, 3 women are murdered every day in USA by  their intimate partners.

According to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, women experience about 4.8 million intimate partner-related physical
assaults and rapes every year.

According to the National Crime Victimization Survey, which includes crimes that were not reported to the police, 232,960 women in the U.S. were raped or sexually assaulted in 2006. That’s more than 600 women every day.

According to the same report younger women[age 20-24] and women from impoverished sectors of society are at greatest risk of violence and rape.

The blog is informative, however it fails to put into perspective the pandemic nature of violence against women in other countries and it lacks comparability.

Respectfully

-YT

TheMrs

Violence against women knows

by TheMrs on Thu Sep 10, 2009 01:20 PM PDT

Violence against women knows no boundary or religion. It is purely a matter of power. The more women are impoverished, the more they are powerless. This can happen, and does happen every where. Even the article mentions a positive correlation between higher education and lower instances of violence. And more violence as you move away from larger cities. The more socioeconomic progress women have, the more power they have. Hence, lower instances of abuse. You can bash any particular factor, such as ethnicity, religion or something else. But the fact remains the same. It is purely a question of power. Hala in our case, shansemoon be eslam khordeh. But you can’t take that and use it as a main factor here because without it, if women are powerless, you’d see the same thing.

Now we can take religious conservatism as an obstacle to women’s emancipation. That I can understand.

javaneh29

Cost of progress

by javaneh29 on Thu Sep 10, 2009 12:04 PM PDT

It matters not whether you agree or disagree … these are the result of psychological and socialogical studies.Im sure you’re clever enough to find those studies yourself if you dont want to take my word for it.

As for Islam being the reason for the violence in Iran, how would you explain violence in non islamic countries?

Violence to women is almost always done by men, like it or not. Islam provides the perfect breeding ground for violence in that it allows the legal means to carry it out with no disincentive or reprisal. However violence to women is universal.

Javaneh

Cost-of-Progress

Javaneh

by Cost-of-Progress on Thu Sep 10, 2009 11:51 AM PDT

“Women who sufer any form of violence on a regular basis inevitably suffer from  fear and low self esteem and are therefore unlikely to feel able to change their situation, including denouncing the religion of thier culture, kin and kith easily.”

I do not disagree with the premise of your post! —- B U T —-

the religion of their culture“? This is not their culture, it was forced by the sword. Just becasue it has been a long time does not make it right – or just. This religion is responsible for these atrocities and we MUST start somewhere, hence the denouncement. I have no illusions that, if at all possible, it will take generations (plural) to cleanse our country of this cancer. This is provided we even make the attempt.

Right now, most folks think of this regime as an anomaly in the wonderful world of Islam instead of the norm. No matter what comes out of the muslim world, they discount its validity buy saying that “this is not true islam” – But IT IS.

Let’s not kid oursleves ….anymore.

TheMrs

We know that even 1% is

by TheMrs on Thu Sep 10, 2009 11:45 AM PDT

We know that even 1% is unacceptable for these categories. But I wish the authour would put into perspective for us. For example, how do we compare to other countries in the region? Are our numbers better? If so, maybe we can figure out why and encourage those aspects that seem to be working for us. If not, then we should find out why. How do we compare with Western countries? I think the comparison would be helpful. Otherwise, 7.2% here and 3.2% they don’t do much other than document (which I understand is useful). Also, do we know if these numbers are increasing or decreasing? For raising the legal age for marriage for example. What is the legal age for marriage for countries in the region or other religious countries. Is it higher than Iran, how did they push the laws to increase the age?

Pretty depressing.

javaneh29

Have to add

by javaneh29 on Thu Sep 10, 2009 11:26 AM PDT

These are only the reported incidents. I have no doubt that the incidence of ‘violence’ in any of the above forms can be multiplied by at least 10, if not more.

Women who sufer any form of violence on a regular basis inevitably suffer from  fear and low self esteem and are therefore unlikely to feel able to change their situation, including denouncing the religion of thier culture, kin and kith easily.

None of this comes as a surprise. It also is no suprise that there is little in the way of support for these long suffering women.

Javaneh

Cost-of-Progress

Question for the female Islamist

by Cost-of-Progress on Thu Sep 10, 2009 11:41 AM PDT

“…Iranian gender biased law favors men
where pedophiles are likely to prevail over the girls and women they victimized facing the risk of being convicted should they go to courts.

Women and girls face insurmountable obstacle in getting a divorce, forced to stay even if she was in an abusive marriage and most likely lose custody of her children above age 7 to her husband and the children’s paternal grandfather. In contrast men can marry up to 4 girls and woman and can divorce them at will. ”

We have all have been aware of these sick, 7th century ass backward and respressive Islamic “laws”.

I HAVE ONE QUESTION FOR THE WOMEN WHO EMBRACE THIS CULT(SOME FREQUENT THIS WEBSITE):

What on earth compels you to defend, to belong, to agree, to subscribe to such teachings and endorsments? This is one sick, perverted cult forced upon your ancestors. You do not have to abide by these barbaric “laws” – free yourself from this arabic hell……….denounce it..

Shepesh

.

by Shepesh on Wed Nov 25, 2009 01:15 AM PST

.

Shepesh

Thank you for this article

by Shepesh on Thu Sep 10, 2009 09:24 AM PDT

It is very informative.

Human Development and the concept of attachment


cklara_moradian_0801.jpg azad_moradian0807.jpg
Cklara Moradian Azad Moradian
The theme of attachment is inseparable from both psychological theory and practice and throughout my years of experience in the field of psychology, attachment and the array of emotions or processes that comes along with it has been intertwined with my work.
The word attachment itself can be looked at as a connection or a bond between two or more people who each contribute to the relationship and the strength of the attachment is dependent on the level of contribution. Without attachment, the meaning of such intense human experiences such as love, friendship, hate, grief, loss would all be lost. What physiological or neurological procedure takes place within an individual that compels him/her towards attachment to someone is still vague to us but what is clear is that even in the clinical field, pathology is at times the direct result of false or unhealthy attachments or even lack there of disorders such as ADHD, Autism, Eating Disorders, Addiction, sexual disorders and emotional irregularity, inability to cope with anger or hostility all seem to be somehow related to attachment to someone or something at a very sensitive developmental phase in our lives.
In Focus Family Therapy, which I am using as a tool to work with my client, the theory is focused on relationships within a family, which again would be meaningless without attachment. Attachment Narrative theory, as the name suggests, is predominantly focused on the role attachment plays within Marriage Family Therapy. The therapeutic relationship itself, the transference or counter transference between patient and therapist is again an agent of attachment. In most psychological theories within Marriage Family Therapy, an individual’s maturity level is often assessed based on how well he/she has been able to form a mutual bond with another person and respect reciprocity within a relationship.

The developmental phases in which early attachments with caregivers are formed, as well as the way those attachments are formed are often the framework for the mental health of an individual in adulthood. During those early infancy attachment leads the way for trust vs. mistrust, for the possibility of an adult who perceives the world as a place where needs are met and safety is ensured. The lack of adequate attachment on the other hand can be detrimental to the schema and cognition of an individual’s perceptions. The themes of abandonment, negligence, and a well-established self-esteem are all developed during those early years of attachment. John Bowlby was the pioneer of the attachment theory and began studying the role of attachment while working with animals, which led to the laboratory experiments by Mary Ainsworth to prove the theory through the Strange Situation scenario.

Mothers who have symptoms of Aspergers or either Autism, who themselves have attachment relevant issues, are also at risk of being unable to transfer an adequate sense of safety and security to infants and form clear attachments with them.
In my practice, working with couples or families, I have often seen that when a couple’s sense of attachment/bond is lost they often regress to childhood behaviors of tantrums or cries, in forms of becoming aggressive or demanding. How this regression is understood is that an adult that feels loss of love from a partner, or betrayal or loneliness, when an adult feels that they have been abandoned or their emotional/physical needs are not met. If attachment in early childhood was not adequately developed, they will often regress to a place of hostility and aggression due to the emotional immaturity
Mothers, who suffer from depression after pregnancy, or have a child due to unplanned pregnancy, are culturally pressured to have sons rather than daughters, often suffer from an inability to transfer an adequate sense of attachment to their infants, which could result in emotional irregularity in the child in the future.

free stats

The complexities of human sexuality, and Islamic’ laws and regulations in Iran

The complexities of human sexuality, and Islamic’ laws and regulations in Iran
vokradio.com, Los Angeles, CA, USA
azad_moradian0807.jpg

By:Azad Moradian

April 20, 2009
Los Angeles,
The Chicago School of Professional Psychology

Abstract: In the following paper, the complexities of human sexuality are explored as it occurs within the present day Iran. Attention is given to the Islamic laws currently demanded and practiced in Iran, as well as issues such as the existence of Lesbian,Gay, Bisexual, and Transgenders (LGBT) and gender identity within the culture.
Histpolygamy_iran.jpgorical and cultural relevance is given to each issue examined while remaining sensitive to the present day laws and regulations in Iran

Interpersonal relationships in Iran

Currently under Iran’s theocratic Islamic Government, based on Islamic law (Shari’ah), all interpersonal relationships are clearly expressed.  As a rule the relationship between the sexes are narrowly restricted to lawful (Hallal) or illegal (Haram) categories. A relationship is considered to be legal only between a brother and sister, a parent and his or her children, and an uncle or aunt with his or her sibling’s children. Every other relationship, be they sexual on non sexual, outside of these narrow boundaries is forbidden and illegal.
A sexual relationship is only permitted within a heterosexual marriage. Homosexuality is completely forbidden (Duran, Khalid 1993), and the proximity of persons of opposite sex outside of marriage is authorized only within the limits set under Islamic law.
All sexual relations that occur outside of a traditional, heterosexual marriage (i.e. sodomy or adultery) are illegal and no legal distinction is made between consensual or non-consensual sexual activity.
iran_lesbian.jpgAs a result, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) rights described under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UN, 1948). “Sexual rights are universal human rights based on the inherent freedom, dignity, and equality of all human beings…Was states that sexual health is the result of an environment that recognizes, respects and exercises the rights of sexual freedom.” (Britton Patti PhD 2005).

In Iran since the Islamic Revolution of 1979 have come under overt governmental persecution. International human rights groups have reported public floggings and executions of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals. (Wikipedia.org).

In contrast, under the rule of the last monarch of the Pahlavi Dynasty, homosexuality was tolerated even to the point of allowing news coverage of a same-sex wedding.  However, homosexuality was still taboo in the society. A homosexual individual could not depend on the support and guidance of his or her family or friends and public agencies geared toward assisting youth or people who were confused or questioning their sexuality were non-existent.

Societal views toward homosexuality have not changed.  Many LGBT people are pressured by their family and society to conform to a heterosexual lifestyle, which in some cases even leads to forced marriage. Unmarried men and women who have reached a certain age are considered “suspect” and will often be asked to explain their situation (Safra Project-Iran 2004).
The official view of the Iranian Islamic government is that everyone should be heterexecution-4.jpgosexual and that homosexuality is, “a violation of the supreme will of God”(wikipedia.org), and punishable by death even homosexual relations that occur between consenting adults in private do not escape punishment.Homosexual conduct is proven by the testimony of four male witnesses who is present during the events is not required by Islamic law.
The punishment for female homosexuality involving persons, who are mature, of sound mind, and consenting, is 100 lashes. If the act is repeated three times and punishment is enforced each time, the death sentence will apply on the fourth occasion. (Articles 127, 129, 130) The ways of proving lesbianism in court are the same as for male homosexuality. (Article 128)(Kar  Mehrangiz 2008)
According to Iranian Islamic president, Mr. Ahmadinejad : “In Iran we don’t have homosexuals like in your country.” “In Iran we do not have this phenomenon, I don’t know who has told you that we have it,” Aahmadinejad.jpghmadinejad said to the Columbia University audience. (NEW YORK -AFP2007 )
The restrictions imposed by the Islamic government are in opposition to the long history of Iran. The most stories and poetry of classical Persian literature are explicitly illustrates the existence of homosexuality among Iranians. The most classical Persian literature is replete with homoerotic allusions, as well as explicit references to beautiful young boys and to the practice of pederasty. (Babayan K, Afsaneh N 2008)
A significant amount of major traditional and well known Persian literature explicitly illustrates the existence of homosexuality among Iranians.
Some example: . In some poems, Sa’di’s beloved is a young man, not a beautiful woman. In this he followed the conventions of traditional Persian poetry. In the Gulistan Story 18, he states:
When I was young, my intimacy with a young man and my friendship for him were such that his beauty was the Qiblah of my eye and the chief joy of my life union with him’:
Perhaps an angel in heaven but no mortal
Can be on earth equal in beauty of form to him.
I swear by the amity, after which companionship is illicit
No human sperm will ever become a man like him. (Shaikh Saa’di 1258 ACE)
Tran-sexuality

After the establishment of the Islamic regime, Ayatollah Khomeini gave a fatwa that allows sex change operations in Iran.  Therefore some homosexual men undergo sex change operations to avoid harsh penalties including imprisonment, execution or both.
Transsexualismis still a taboo topic within Iranian society and no laws exist to protect post-operative transsexuals from discrimination and transsexuals still report societal intolerance.
Sexual orientation and gender identity


iran_interpersonal_relation.jpgDue to the restrictions imposed by the current regime in Iran, social gatherings in which unrelated men and women are present are illegal especially if the women are not completely covered from head to toe.  In addition, dancing and music are strictly forbidden.

Even though heterosexuality is the only tolerated sexual orientation, having a heterosexual relationship other than a legal marriage is just as strictly forbidden as homosexual relationships.
Some Iranian women often runaways, have been cross-dressing as a man in order to avoid being the victim of sexual harassment, rape and to access economic opportunities, which are often only given to men. Women dressing as men or barbers cutting the hair of women short are both illegal.

Islamic tradition does not allow cross-dressing. A man should only dress in male clothes.  Men who cross-dress as women or are deemed to be too effeminate will also face harassment or criminal charges. The one exception is for transsexualism. There has been a rash of public executions in Iran that have involved youth or were related to sexuality and gender identity.

nhb0.jpgGay Iranian couples are often afraid to be seen together in public, and report that LGBT people were widely stereotyped as being sex-obsessed child molesters, rapists, and diseased ridden degenerates.
Under Iran’s current fundamentalist rule, a homosexual may be harassed, arrested and punished with the most extreme measures possible. (Paula E. Drew, 2004)

Girls, Virginity, Stoning:

The most traditional Iranian culture demands that a bride be a virgin for her first marriage. A girl who loses her virginity before official marriage are agreed upon is not considered as having behaved immorally, women can ruin the family honor by not maintaining their virginity prior to marriage, or by involving themselves in extramarital affairs.

Iranian women can be punished by stoning to death, if they have  extramarital intercourse or fornication (zena). Although the penalties for non-marital sex included in the current Islamic criminal code also apply to men (if the female partner is not married), they incur little or no social disgrace for illegitimate sex. If caught in such relationships, men can often escape punishment by producing evidence of temporary marriage to their partner.

Stoning is a pre-Islamic punishment. It was once practiced in many parts of the world, but in recent years has been almost entirely abandoned except in a few Islamic countries principally Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran and Saudi Arabia
Stoning is a part of torturing before death, for the execution, the condemned person is wrapped head to foot in white shrouds and buried in a pit. A woman is buried up to her armpits, while a man is buried up to his waist. A truckload of rocks is brought to the site and court-appointed officials or in some cases ordinary citizens approved by the authorities carry out the stoning.

woman_stoned_to_death.jpgVictims are guaranteed a slow, torturous death because the stones are deliberately chosen to be large enough to cause pain, but not so large as to kill the victim immediately. If the condemned person somehow manages to survive the stoning, he or she will be imprisoned for as long as 16 years but will not be executed.

Honor-Killing, and human sexuality in Iran

Honor killing, means honor murders of persons, mostly women who are perceived as having brought dishonor to their family, and their society are often identified with Islam, although the other religion has a common believe in this regard. The most Islamic countries officially or unofficially are agreed with the concept of honor killing. In Iran , south of Iraq, and Afghanistan honor killing are legal or slightly punished. Sexual intercourse with person who is married to someone else can carry a harsh penalty according to the Islamic criminal code. (Kar  Mehrangiz 2008)

A woman can be targeted by (individuals within) her family for a variety of reasons, including: refusing to enter into an arranged marriage, being the victim of a sexual assault, seeking a divorce even from an abuse husband or (allegedly) committing adultery. The mere perception that a woman has behaved in a way that “dishonors” her family is sufficient to trigger an attack on her life
banaz_mahmo_honorkilling.jpgIn the Islamic Republic of Iran, according to addendum 2 to article 295 and article 226 of ‎the Islamic penal code, if someone murders another on the assumption that the victim ‎was “vajeb al-ghatl” [literally, “necessary to be killed” ], he will not be tried for first-‎degree murder.
Based on these laws, judges convict murderers who have committed ‎honor killings on the assumption that the murdered woman has committed adultery not to ‎death or life imprisonment, but rather to pay the “dia” [blood money]. As such, legal ‎incentives, protected by judges in the area of implementation, are given to men who are ‎accused of killing women. This must be noted as the most important factor behind the ‎rise in the number of honor killings in Iran. ‎((Kar  Mehrangiz 2008))

Polygamy and Temporary Marriage:

In Iran, a man can have more than one wife. Although the Shi-e marriage law, now dominant in Iran, allows a man to simultaneously have up to four wives.  polygamy.jpgA man (married or not), and an unmarried woman (virgin, divorced, or widowed) can enter a temporary marriage contract (sigheh) in which both parties agree on the period of the relationship and the amount of compensation to be paid to the woman. This arrangement requires no witnesses, and no registration is needed.

This form of temporary marriage, according to its proponents, is a measure for curbing free sex and controlling prostitution. A man can have as many sigheh wives as he can afford, but the woman can be involved in no more than one such temporary relationship at any given time and cannot enter another contract before a waiting period (edda) of three months or two menstrual cycles elapse.  Sigheh has been very unpopular, particularly among the educated middle-class families and among women who tend to associate it with legalized prostitution.

References :

1.    Babayan Kathryn, Afsaneh Najmabadi, and other, 2008 ,Islamicate Sexualities…, ,  Harvard CMES, page 200

2.    Britton Patti PhD, The Art of Sex Coaching: Expanding Your Practice, 2005, W.W. Norton& Company, New Yourk, Page 61
3.    Duran, Khalid. Homosexuality in Islam, Swidler, Anne (ed.) “Homosexuality and World Religions” (1993). Trinity Press International, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
4.    Kar Mehrangiz, Honor killing, 2004,www.roozonline.com/english/archives/2008/02/.html
5.    Paula E. Drew, Ph.D ,Iran, Jomhoori-Islam-Iran, www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/iran.html
6.    Safra Project, Resource Project for LBTQ Muslim women, Country Information Report, Iran, 2004, P.O. Box 35929, London, N17 OWB, England, UK, http://www.safraproject.org
7.    The universal Declaration of Human Rights, United Nation High Commissary for Human Rights, 1948, http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
8. ‘No homosexuals in Iran’: Ahmadinejad , September 24,2007- AFP http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hATGOzv6YSmgeMY1zdYbdpyrG2cw
9. (Shaykh Moslahaldin Sa’di , The Gulistan , Chapter V , On Love and Youth, Written 1258 A.C.E.)
10 . Afary Janet,  Anderson Kevin B.,  Foucault and the Iranian Revolution: Gender and the Seductions of Islamism, University Of Chicago Press; annotated edition edition (June 20, 2005

************************************************************

This site and all content © VOKRadio.com and the respective authors. All Rights Reserved. In other words: articles are posted on VOKRADIO with the kind permission of the authors.

The authors retain all rights to their work and articles found on this site may not be posted elsewhere without the express permission of the author.

***********************************************************

Share this Article
free stats